For Victorians celery was rare and expensive, even wealthy families considered it a luxurious treat. Stalks of the vegetable were presented in pressed glass vases filled with water to keep the celery fresh. Our Victorian and Edwardian examples are equally lovely for flowers. The Chippendale celeries are trophy shaped with two handles – see Chippendale salts and jugs below to learn more. They produced wide ranges of pressed glass products and different manufacturers are often identifiable by their designs, factory or registration marks. Sadly none of these manufacturers exist today but much of the old pressed glass we have on offer is their legacy. The original design was developed and manufactured in the USA under the ‘Krys-tol’ brand. Davidson manufactured it in the UK and bought the moulds, trademarks and UK sole manufacturing rights to the collection in
Antique Early American Pattern Glass
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Blown molded glass was popular for about twenty years before it was superseded by pressed glass. Production. The process of blowing molten glass into a.
Despite the recent trend for retro designs, pressed glass remains one of the most undervalued types of glass out there. When compared to cut glass, which it is often imitating, pressed glass rarely brings in big bucks. Pressed glass is often found for very cheap and even antique pressed glass can go for just a few dollars. But, as with everything, there are a few examples that stand out from the rest. Here are 8 antique and vintage pressed glass styles that are actually worth a little money!
This lovely type of glass differs from milk glass in that it is often tinged with blue, though can come in other colors. The term originally referred to hand blown French and Italian glass, but is commonly used to describe 20th century pressed slag glass pieces as well. Derbyshire also produced vases and other decorative items of glass as well.
Penn Cottage Museum of Pressed Glass
You have to wonder why some choose that section which is designated specifically for 19th century American pressed glass to list their item, especially when their auction item is glass made in the mid 20th century or even pottery. One explanation may be date related. Another point of confusion is that this glass with a very narrow definition is known by so many terms.
A few glass companies made patterns that were so popular that they continued making them after and some glass companies, notably Indiana Glass Co. I have some glass that was pressed in America before ! Another conundrum… glass was pressed in America before
Much pressed glass dating from the mids to about has elaborate stippled decoration and is therefore called “lacy pressed” glass. The fancy patterns.
Back to Glass Encyclopedia Home. Uranium glass is made by adding small amounts of uranium oxide added to the glass mixture, usually the purpose is to give a strong green or yellow colour. Vaseline glass is glassware that is made with uranium content to give a pale yellow green colour similar to that of petroleum jelly. Uranium glass can be detected with a geiger counter, or an ultraviolet UV light. Uranium glass glows bright green under UV light, and this fact has led to uranium glass becoming popular with collectors.
A British Art Deco uranium green pressed glass vase. Made by Bagley, pattern name “Grantham”. A British Art Deco uranium green pressed glass tumbler vase. Made by Bagley, pattern name “Osprey”. Made by Bagley, pattern name “Bedford”. A British Art Deco uranium green pressed glass bowl. Made by Jobling, pattern name “Fircone”. A British Art Deco uranium green pressed glass powder bowl. Made by Sowerby, pattern name “Ladye”.
What Is Pressed Glass?
Early American molded glass refers to functional and decorative objects, such as bottles and dishware , that were manufactured in the United States in the 19th century. The objects were produced by blowing molten glass into a mold, thereby causing the glass to assume the shape and pattern design of the mold. Common blown molded tableware items bearing designs include salt dishes, sugar bowls , creamers , celery stands, decanters, and drinking glasses.
Undecorated bottles used as containers for a variety of liquids were blown into square molds to give them corners so they could be packed into compartments of wooden cases. After the War of , American glass manufacturers began using molds as an inexpensive way to produce glassware similar in appearance to the very costly cut glass that was imported from Waterford, Ireland.
The process of blowing molten glass into a mold made of clay is known to have been employed in Syrian workshops as early as the 4th century BCE.
Pressed Glass beads are one of the oldest types of beads, dating back over years. Pressed glass beads are formed by pressing a heated glass rod into a.
The concept of forcing glass into a mold to give it shape is an ancient idea, but tools specifically designed for this purpose developed gradually in the 18th and 19th centuries. From about to , a two-handled tool, sometimes called a plier press, was used to pinch glass chandelier drops, small stoppers, and toy cup plates. Use of the hand press continued until about and overlapped with the development of more sophisticated pressing techniques.
The bench press, invented around or and used until about , was the first pressing mechanism to use a lever to force glass into a mold. Small forms such as furniture knobs, salts and cup plates could be made in the bench press. Union Glass Works in Kensington was one of the first companies to use this technology. The free-standing machine press shortly followed the invention of the bench press.
Through the use of a large screw or side arm, the machine press could provide greater vertical pressure and improved alignment of the plunger and the mold, so larger articles could be made. The bench press and machine press could be operated by two relatively unskilled laborers, one to gather the glass and lower it into the mold, and the other to cut off the gather of glass, close the mold, and pull the lever down to force the plunger into the mold.
Another assistant, often a boy, would then carry the finished piece to the annealing oven, where it slowly cooled. The fancy patterns were designed to hide surface imperfections caused by the pressing technique, as well as the shear mark created when the glass was cut off the gathering iron. When hot glass is pressed into a metal mold, the mold is colder than the glass and causes tiny ripples, called chill marks, on the surface of the glass.
Unlike mold-blown glass, one surface of pressed glass usually carries the decoration and the opposite side is very smooth. Except for very shallow open forms, press molds have multiple parts.
The ABC’s of Early American Pattern Glass
Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who purchased this item, who are all part of the Amazon community. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. Please enter a question. Pressed Glass beads are one of the oldest types of beads, dating back over years. Pressed glass beads are formed by pressing a heated glass rod into a mold.
One of our self-acknowledged authorities on American pressed glass derides all A permanent pressed date on each piece would thwart such practices.
Types, colors, molds, historical data, and information regarding the Sandwich Glass Company and its output gathered from specimens collected by the author covering ninety-odd thousand miles by motor. On sale by the author at Madison Ave. These men put their best efforts into designs of intricate beauty. There is no comparison between their work and the later commercial pressed glass which took unto itself all the worst features of Victorian decoration and which was never found upon the tables of people of good taste, who turned from pressed glass to English cut during this latter period, or preserved with reverence and used on state occasions the pieces of a generation before.
This late glass covered with stars and rosettes in ugly amber and blue and white became a tremendous advertising medium and was distributed as premiums and sold in quantity at very cheap prices. The author sees no object in collecting it to-day other than the commercializing of an unworthy product. The glass sheltered by the Mansard roof does not fit in with early Sandwich. In a factory was established on Essex Street, Boston by Whalley, Hunnewell and others for making crown window glass.
This enterprise was not a success until when a German by the name of Lint arrived.
manufacturers’ labels & marks (I to L)
Nineteenth-century American glassmakers experimented with new methods to create products for a growing consumer market. In the s, pressing glass into metal molds by machine was perfected, and by the mids, manufacturers were creating a variety of inexpensive pressed glass housewares. America’s middle-class consumers could now decorate their homes with attractive glass bowls, creamers, dishes, plates, vases, and even candlesticks.
This mold-made, pressed glass box was intended to hold a middle class lady’s jewelry. It was made in the lacy glass technique, in which decoration covers the entire surface of the mold, and is raised against a background of small dots, to create a stippled appearance on the surface.
This is a lovely early piece of pressed glass, dating from around The bowl is sitting on an elegant stem, and is perfect for sweeties or nibbles.
Pressed glass actually is molded glass, since it was made by pressing molten glass into a mold either by hand or by machine. This is the type of glassware that would typically qualify as pressed glass. Heisey, among other companies that made fine quality “elegant” glassware, employed the process of manual pressing to produce elegant glassware entirely by hand.
Evidence of the mold is rarely seen on these pieces and they’re not traditional examples of molded glass. Jeannette and Anchor Hawking are the two companies that made the majority of depression glass. They manufactured just under different patterns that remain collectible today. Collectible pieces of both hand- and machine-pressed glass were often finished by a method called fire polishing by elegant glass companies.
This technique required applying a direct flame to give fire-polished a term often used in marketing glassware when it was new pieces an even, glossy finish. This finishing process is sometimes referred to as glazing as well. Pieces with a more uneven texture and less of a gleam to the finish were not fire-polished.
Most of what falls into the pressed glass category is not finished in this way. Sometimes the term pressed glass is used generically by antique dealers and novice collectors to describe pattern glass. While this type of glass is a form of pressed glass due to the way it was manufactured, the terms used by avid collectors to describe it are most often Early American Pattern Glass or simply pattern glass. Early American Pattern Glass often abbreviated EAPG in collecting circles was made using molds of one or more parts depending on the size of the piece being produced, and molten glass was pressed into the molds.
EARLY AMERICAN PRESSED GLASS CAKE STANDS
Please note that actual labels or marks may be significantly larger or smaller than the illustrations shown. Merged with Waterford in , company sold to Caithness Glass in They are usually acid-etched, but those on the top row are also known to have occurred printed in dark enamel colours. In the case of the curved marks, the curvature may vary from that shown English spelling, straight line French spelling, straight line alternative French spelling, straight line English spelling, curved English spelling, curved capitals French spelling, curved capitals French spelling, straight line capitals French spelling, two-line capitals Lalique, France established It is practically impossible to date individual Lalique marks, except to say that, in general, marks using the initial R.
It should not be confused with the R. Kastrup moulded mark
Bowls Approved. Date of Manufacture declared on all Antique Glass Bowls. AN IRIDESCENT PRESSED GLASS BOWL DECORATED WITH £ Dated.
No-one likes general adverts, and ours hadn’t been updated for ages, so we’re having a clear-out and a change round to make the new ones useful to you. These new adverts bring in a small amount to help pay for the board and keep it free for you to use, so please do use them whenever you can, Let our links help you find great books on glass or a new piece for your collection. Thank you for supporting the Board. While appraising the collection I noticed significant variations in the tints of clear glass.
These are caused by variations in the mixtures of glass and would change over the years for cost or other reasons. With a lot of work it is possible that some guidance to dating can be given. Ideally information from the workers in the factories on the formulae used would be a start.
Old Glass Celery Vases
Most of these toothpick holders can be purchased by going HERE. These sets of dishes were made by hundreds of glass factories- some more long-lived and more well-known today than others. The number of patterns of EAPG has been estimated to be as high as however in some of those patterns only a few forms or items were made. The number of patterns made in extensive sets was probably closer to
Original business records dating from to include bank checks for the purchase of glass and molds, tax returns, sales records, and.
It was during the nineteenth century that mechanised glass-making processes reduced the cost and therefore the value of glass, making it a treasure which anyone could afford. The Americans developed machinery for pressing glass in the early 19th century,and English glass-makers were producing pressed glass by the ‘s. Pressed glass older than the ‘s is now rare.
Before gas and electricity were introduced, oil lamps with glass chimneys were widely used, and there was a huge demand for replacement glass chimneys. George Davidson founded one of the most successful and prolific glass factories in England in response to this demand. In , at the age of 45, he decided that there was such a shortage of oil lamp chimneys he would build a glass factory in the nearby Team Valley.
Initially very successful, they went on to make a wide range of pressed glass table-ware. In the early years pressed glass was used to imitate other popular materials. They imitated cut crystal designs in clear pressed glass which they called Flint glass. During the ‘s Davidson’s, along with several other glass factories, also made glass to look like porcelein termed vitro-porcelein usually in opaque white and opaque blue like the vase above.
They also made glass to look like marble, and termed it “marble vitro-porcelein” or sometimes marble glass or Malachite glass.
Pressed Glass aka Pattern Glass
While the pressing of glass into molds has been practiced for thousands of years, refinements of the processes led to new industries. In the United States early glassmaking facilities operated in colonial Jamestown, Boston, and Cambridge. Between and , American manufacturers revolutionized glassworking with the invention of steel molds and a fixed-lever press that would shape and pattern glass. Because of a fire that destroyed records of early patents, exact information as to who, when and where the first mechanized glass pressing operation is unknown.
The first pressed glass goblets were made in the s. They featured bold, geometric motifs inspired by more expensive cut-glass patterns and were pressed from lead glass.
A pressed glass basket dating from in good condition. The basket was made by Greener & Company, a very well known company of Sunderland and.
Search this site. Registered Designs. Contact Us. There are three main sources of information on unregistered items – The Molineaux Webb pressed glass catalogue, produced circa – Company adverts in the Pottery Gazette – Items passed down through family members to museums. Furthermore, one can make speculative attributions from glass made in the style of the Manchester glass houses. This section presents the majority of the Pressed Glass catalogue, some speculative attributions, and a round up of other sources.